Cnc Machinery: What Is It, And How Does It Function?


computerized numerical control


With CNC machine machining tools and manufacturing equipment, they are controlled by programmed software to perform a variety of complex factory operations. Common CNC machine types include, but aren't limited to three-dimensional cutting tools lathes, routers and lathes grinders and mills. CNC stands for computer numerical control.

The main components of the CNC machine comprise the tool itself, the computer used to control the machine and computer-aided production (CAM) software. The computer may be a separate PC or an onboard controller; the latter is common for larger, more complex cnc machine shop operations.

In order to prompt the machine to complete certain automated functions, the digitized data is input into the CAM program. Software instructs motor and drive components move the wheels of the machine and a feedback mechanism monitors the speed and location.

Computerized Numerical Control

Machining Materials


ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) is a cost-effective engineering plastic used extensively for pre-injection molding prototypes. CNC-machined ABS is a fantastic choice for parts that resemble production, when detail and mechanical properties are crucial. ABS can be found in black and neutral colors.

ABS is able to be painted and comes with an matte finish similar to Lego bricks. ABS can also be coated in powder coating, which provides greater durability, while improving the resistance to UV. Based on the geometry of ABS parts and the way they were made, certain faces might appear shinyr than others. When painting ABS parts, the finishing will be based on the type of paint used.


Polycarbonate (known also by the abbreviation PC) is one of the most widely used plastics in manufacturing. The first-generation MacBook laptops as well as safety goggles are just a few examples of this material.



Polycarbonate is heat-resistantand impact-resistant as well as flame-retardant. It is also one of the most recycled plastics in the world.

In its original state, polycarbonate is transparent and milky-blue. However, it can also be manufactured in black. Both colors are glossy and are susceptible to scratches. Anti-scratch coatings as well as vapor polishing are available as custom post-processing finishes.


Nylon 6/6 is the most widely used among the Nylon family of plastics. It has a high resistance to heat and chemical and is sufficiently stiff to retain its shape, and strong enough to not permanently deform under load.

Nylon is utilized in two of the most well-known applications that include electronics insulation as well as medical devices. It's also used make screws and spacers for panels-mounted circuit boards.

Glass-filled Nylon boasts many useful properties including high rigidity toughness, strength, hardness and dimensional stability. This material may be used in assemblies requiring electrical or mechanical insulation. Common applications include washers, electrical housings, medical devices and aerospace parts.

What are the benefits of CNC Machining?

The CNC steel fabrication near me, can be used to automate work in a range of industries, including manufacturing, auto and metal fabrication. Benefits of this technology include:

Cost reduction


Consistently high-quality, consistent results

Increased productivity due to less downtime

Accuracy improved

Utilizing the right cnc turning lets businesses remove the need to involve humans during repetitive tasks, which allows operators to concentrate on the areas that require skilled work. This creates a consistent workflow and reduces worker fatigue. It also reduces human error, which ultimately simplifies and refines the manufacturing process.

T.M. is the expert in CNC machine repair and replacement parts in Michigan. Smith Tool International Corporation. This company has been in industry for over six decades. We provide a broad range of premium, custom-designed and standard tool-holding systems. They can be utilized in a variety of industries, as well as in small and large operations. Our products are guaranteed to be of the best quality. Call us today at 800-521-4894 to discuss your CNC machining requirements.